List of Famous DAMS In Pakistan
How Many Dams in Pakistan? Pakistan has around 150 dams, making it one of the world’s dam-rich countries. While many of these dams are small and solely utilized for irrigation, there are a few huge and famous dams that contribute significantly to the country’s scenery and infrastructure.
However, due to a lack of sufficient infrastructure and planning, Pakistan’s natural resources have not been effectively used. The number of dams in Pakistan is one such example. While Pakistan has several dams, they have not been carefully located to maximize their benefits.
In this blog article, we will look at 13 of Pakistan’s most well-known dams:
1. Tarbela Dam
The Tarbela Dam is the largest earth-filled dam globally and one of the main reasons why Pakistan is considered a water-rich country.
Furthermore, The Dam is a gravity dam on the Indus River in Pakistan.
Moreover, it forms part of the Tarbela Reservoir. In 1968 the construction was started, which was completed by the end of 1974.
It also provides irrigation water for about 3,750,000 hectares (9,200,000 acres). The dam has a height of 143 meters (469 feet) and a length of 2,743 meters (9,000 feet). The reservoir has a capacity of 14,115,000 cubic meters (18,230,000 acre feet).
Lastly, The power plant has an installed capacity of 3,478 MW and generates about 21 billion kWh of electricity per year.
2. Mangla Dam
Mangla Dam is one of Pakistan’s major infrastructural projects. It was built in the 1960s to manage and regulate water supply and safeguard the country from flooding, and it is still an important element of the national water management system today.
The Mangla Dam, located in Azad Jammu and Kashmir, is one of Pakistan’s largest dams, with a reservoir capacity of more than 17 million acre-feet.
The dam also produces substantial hydroelectric electricity and supplies irrigation water to thousands of hectares of agriculture in the Punjab and Sindh regions.
However, it is an efficient and effective resource for managing water supplies throughout Pakistan. Despite issues due to climate change or other factors affecting Pakistan’s water consumption, this dam plays an important role in safeguarding this valuable natural resource.
3. Warsak Dam
The Warsak Dam is located in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, near to the city of Peshawar. It was built in 1959 and has a reservoir capacity of about 2 million acre-feet, providing irrigation water for around 20,000 hectares of agriculture.
Warsak Dam, with its strategic position in Northern Pakistan, is a crucial investment for local populations, ensuring that this critical source stays accessible to all.
4. Kalabagh Dam
The Kalabagh Dam is one most contentious topics in Pakistan. Proponents argue that the dam could help to resolve the country’s growing water crisis by providing much-needed irrigation for farmland and hydroelectric power for homes and businesses.
In addition, supporters claim that the dam would prevent huge silt deposits in the Indus River, potentially averting a major flood disaster. However, opponents argue that the proposed site for the dam is unsafe and could cause significant environmental damage.
They also point out that many local residents are opposed to the project due to land acquisition concerns and other impacts on their livelihoods. Despite these issues, it remains unclear whether or not the controversial Kalabagh Dam will be built in the near future.
Regardless of its fate, this highly contentious issue will undoubtedly continue to dominate Pakistan’s political discourse for years to come.
Many provinces in Pakistan have resisted the development of the Kalabagh Dam, making it a particularly divisive issue in Pakistani politics. Nonetheless, the dam’s reservoir could contain up to 6 million acre-feet of water.
5. Satpara Dam
The Satpara Dam, located in Pakistan’s Gilgit-Baltistan area, impounds the waters of the Indus River. The dam supplies irrigation water to around 1,500 hectares of agriculture.
Moreover, it is an important infrastructure project in Pakistan, designed to help control water flow and ensure access to clean water for local communities.
The dam helps to regulate water levels and keeps rivers flowing at safe speeds, allowing for proper drainage during heavy rainfall events.
Overall, it is an invaluable resource for communities throughout Pakistan, providing critical access to clean water and helping to protect against natural disasters.
6. Diamer Bhasha Dam
The Diamer Bhasha Dam is one of Pakistan’s most important water resource projects. Located on the Indus River, this massive dam will help to store water for agriculture, hydropower generation, and much-needed environmental and flood control services.
The dam will support the food production throughout the region, but it will also support efforts to develop new industries in areas that are heavily reliant on agriculture.
Additionally, the dam will serve an important role in mitigating potentially devastating floods that can threaten millions of people living downstream from it.
Overall, the Diamer Bhasha Dam is a vital project for both Pakistan and the region as a whole, and we must do all that we can to move this much-needed project forward.
7. Mirani Dam
The Mirani Dam, located in Pakistan’s Baluchistan area, is one of the largest dams in the country. The dam has a reservoir capacity of around 1 million acre-feet and provides irrigation water to approximately 20,000 hectares of agricultural land.
8. Hub Dam
The Hub Dam, located in the Baluchistan region of Lasbela, impounds the waters of the Hub River. The dam supplies irrigation water to around 12,000 hectares of agriculture while simultaneously generating hydroelectric electricity.
9. Taunsa Barrage
The Taunsa Barrage is located on the Indus River in Pakistan’s Punjab region. It is one of the country’s largest barrages, stretching for more than 9 kilometers. The barrage supplies irrigation water to about 1.1 million hectares.
10. Chashma Barrage
The Chashma Barrage is located on the Indus River in the Punjab province of Pakistan. It has a length of more than 5 kilometers and provides irrigation water for approximately 700,000 hectares.
11. Kotri Barrage
The Kotri Barrage is located on the Indus River in Pakistan’s Sindh province. It has a length of more than 7 kilometers and provides irrigation water for approximately 1 million hectares of farmland.
12. Guddu Barrage
The Guddu Barrage is located on the Indus River in Pakistan’s Sindh province. It has a length of more than 3 kilometers. The barrage provides irrigation water for approximately 1.4 million hectares of farmland.
13. Sukkur Barrage
Located on the Indus River, the Sukkur Barrage regulates water flows from India into Pakistani territory. It also provides irrigation water for approximately 1 million hectares of farmland and generates hydroelectric power.
Conclusion – How Many Dams in Pakistan
Pakistan has a large number of dams, ranging from small irrigation projects to massive hydropower facilities like the Tarbela Dam.
Some of the most important dams in Pakistan include Satpara, Mirani, Hub, Taunsa, Chashma, Kotri, Guddu, Warsak, and Sukkur barrages.
These dams provide vital irrigation water for Pakistan’s agricultural sector and also generate hydroelectric power.